Balochistan, province having its unique geographic importance, hardly witnessed the rest before and after formation of Pakistan. Many factors including international power players, ghastly policies and bad governance had been planting and nourishing unrest in the province.
Tribal culture has been always blamed for dysfunctional democracy. There are numerous Sardars and tribes in the province but only three names Bugti, Marri and Mengal are echoed and talked about all the time. They merely are considered as God Fathers of whole province. Even though the whole Makran division has no tribal system and people there are relevantly educated too. But, other Baloch areas are strictly ruled by Nawabs and Sardars even influence the domestic matters of lay man or their tribal men. They are absolute masters of the faith of their tribal men. The Nawabs and powerful Sardars even being in government did never bother to contribute nor allowed any development to be done in their areas.
For instance, Nawab Aslam Raisani ruled and served as Chief Minister of Balochistan, his area Sarawan and Jhalawan area of Nawab Sana Ullah Zehri president of Muslim League Nawaz have no roads, schools or infrastructure tobe seen there. It’s an open secret that if any development organization, government or non-government aims to start any project, the Sardar or Nawabasks for his share to allow the work to be get done or sometimes ask for the budget in their hands so they will run the project by themselves.
Many organizations abandoned their projects due to this reason. In Musharaf regime and especially in last 5 years of PPP government, Balochistan received the heaviest amount of money. Every MPA received millions for development and every MPA was local of Balochistan province. But the mentality of Nawab and Sardar cannot imagine considering their tribes men as equal human beings but just born to fight their tribal wars and to nourish their superiority, hence, they don’t need education, medical facilities or any other development. Many projects under the chief minister Raisani were approved, processed and completed but unfortunately only on papers while nothing on practical grounds.
This corruption fueled insurgency and paved ways for insurgents who are supported by international power players. And these last 5 years made Balochistan almost ungovernable and to whom leadership of PML-N was very well aware of.
That’s a reason National Party was given a chance. Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch the current CM of Balochistan belongs to Makran and have no tribal background. When this decision was made, everyone, well aware of the facts about Balochistan was of the view that Dr. Malik won’t be able to stand more than few months.
In fact, Sardars and Nawabs in power tried their level best to make it happen. But on other hand Dr. Malik is educated person and he was well aware of the situation he was going to face and these matters and people have to be dealt with patience and systematic strategy which will be time taking for sure. He gradually took control and refused to take pressure of any black-mailing.
Right now the largest and strongest insurgency is led by Dr. Allah Nazar who is lay man of Muhammad Hasni tribe. Large number of educated and illiterate Baloch youth is swiftly realizing that they are kept deprived by their own Nawabs and Sardars who sought and gained all the privileges for themselves but never allowed any development to the people. Fighters of Dr. Allah Nazar without hesitation say that Allah forbids as they get freedom, their first task will be killing of all Nawabs and Sardars.
In such scenario, Dr. Malik as CM of Balochistan is really a positive step by the state and there are no corruption charges on his team so far. Dr. Malik is going wise and gradual. Our problem as a national is that we seek just immediate result and don’t believe in long term systematic strategy, but, history proves that long term planning has always made some productive note-worthy outcomes.
No one can deny that the insurgents are just a group of criminals and their wrong doings like killings, extortion, blackmailing and kidnapping for ransom etc have created resentment in masses against them and in some cases tribesmen stood against them as well. As, these insurgents are supported by international powers with all means, so, the matter has to be dealt wisely.
If, these Sardars and Nawabs, who have been ruling before, are dealt with immediate action against them, they will use the tool of blackmailing and umbrella of Baloch cause that enemies are already utilizing very well against Pakistan. Insurgents or angry Baloch should be brought to the table for negotiation so they can be ceased to trap more young Baloch people.
Dr. Malik is a trusted man by local people, if Pakistan makes serious attempts of negotiation and other side which is expected to go against it will strengthen the case of Pakistan and people of Balochistan who are already furious now by the hands of insurgents will accept the elimination of insurgents.
Many non-Baloch and even Baloch teachers, doctors and other professionals are migrating from Balochistan and no one is ready to work here on the risk of his/her life.
Ghost employees, fake projects and lack of professionals are gifts of influential Sardar and Nawabs. Now, education and employment sectors being gravely important should be worked out on emergency basis.
Recruiting Baloch youth in security forces on relaxed conditions are highly appreciated in Balochistan. National media has played role to glorify these insurgents but it should do some work to create awareness on how are they damaging Baloch people?
FC (Frontier corps) are consisted of personals mostly from KPK province and this has been used widely by insurgents to make their case against state.
Even though many people consider FC as shelter against very poor law and order situation. Still, if FC is replaced with Levies and local people are inducted in Levies, this will really help the state to encounter the propaganda against Pakistan and FC and enhance the confidence of Baloch people.